As per the latest census the city includes a total population of 32,60,516 with approximately 77% of its inhabitants being Hindus, around 17% being Muslims, 4.5% being Jains, 1% being Sikhs and 0.5% being Christians. The sex ratio in Jaipur is 909 females per 1,000 males and the population density per square kilometer is 598. Hindi, Rajasthani and Marwari are the common languages spoken in the city. English and Punjabi are also spoken widely here.
ArchitectureThe main attraction of Jaipur is its archetypal architecture. The city was planned as per the Indian Vastu Shastra, a science that promotes well being and prosperity. The directions of all the streets and markets in Jaipur are East to West and North to South. Jai Singh II made sure that the entire Jaipur city was planned as per the Hindu architectural theory. The town is constructed in the form of eight-part Mandala which is called Pithapada.
The city encompasses various magnificent edifices that enhance its beauty. Its forts and monuments such as Hawa Mahal, City Palace, Jal Mahal, Rambagh Palace, Nahargarh Fort, Jaigarh Fort and Amber Fort are famous world over. The structures here are built with the rare pink-painted sandstone and it is thus known by the name Pink City.
While Jai Singh II worked hard on planning and developing the city, his successors continued to work towards its betterment. The Britishers also contributed their bit and gave it an urban touch in the 19th century. The Mubarak Mahal in the Palace Complex, the Rajasthan School of Arts and the Vidhan Sabha were constructed during the British reign.
EconomyJaipur has developed economically over the years. The city’s tourism has contributed to a great extent in this direction. Many small and big businesses have also established here and the number seems to be increasing by the day. Jaipur is also amongst the largest exporters of diamond, gold and stone jewelry in Asia.
Last year Jaipur was ranked as the eleventh largest deposit centre and the ninth largest credit centre in India.
Art and CultureJaipur is known for its rich culture. People here are known for their warm and friendly attitude. They love to dress in vibrant attires clubbed with beautifully carved jewelry. If you want to have a closer look at the city’s art and culture then a visit to the Jawahar Kala Kendra and Ravindra Manch is a must. These cultural centers have helped in promoting the city’s culture to a great extent. The Albert Hall Museum and the government Museum at Hawa Mahal also include various art pieces and antiques that give a glimpse of Jaipur’s pulsating culture.
Jaipur’s Mughal and Rajput rulers treasured art and as a result invited various skilled artists from across the globe to showcase their talent. These artists and craftsmen churned several unique pieces of art on the demand of these rulers and many of them even settled in the city to continue their good work. Art and craft prospered here in the presence of such talented artisans. Jaipur is famous for Bhandhani, Block printing, Kinari, Gota, Zari and Zardozi. Jaipur’s Blue pottery, Ivory carving, Silver, Kundan and Meenakari jewelry are also popular.
Folk music and dance are other major attractions of this city. Ghoomar, where the women perform dance wearing colorful flowing ghagharas and Chari, where the dancers perform with pots including lit diyas on their head are a visual delight for the audience. The Jaipur Gharana for Kathak is also famous.
The melodious music of instruments such as Sarangi, Jhalar and Ektara adds to the overall experience of listening to the traditional Rajasthani folk songs.
FoodJaipur offers some mouthwatering cuisines. Dal Bati Churma, Missi Roti and the exceptionally large pyaaz kachori are among the popular dishes prepared here. Those of you who love sweets must try the delicious Ghevar, Chaugani ke laddu and Moong thal available here.
FestivalsJaipur organizes several fairs and celebrates various festivals including the Gangaur festival, Teej festival, Jaipur Literature festival, Chaksu Fair, Elephant Fair and Shitla Mata Fair.
Climatic ConditionsJaipur’s temperature remains moderately high all through the year. Average daily temperature during the summer months (April to July) is 30 °C and the average daily temperature during the winter months (November to February) ranges from 15-18 °C. It receives more than 650 millimeters of rainfall each year.
EducationThere are as many as eight universities in Jaipur including the prestigious University of Rajasthan, The LNM Institute of Information Technology, Jaipur, National Institute of Ayurveda and Malviya National Institute of Technology. Each year several students from across the country enroll to various programs at these universities.
TransportJaipur is well connected to all the major cities in India by road, rail and air.
RSRTC bus service connects Jaipur to various parts of Rajasthan, Delhi, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Gujrat.
The City Bus service operated by Jaipur City Transport Services is a boon for the locals. More than 300 City buses run on its roads.
It is connected to all the major Indian cities.
Jaipur International Airport is located in Sanganer. Both domestic and international flights to various places are available from here.
Metro Rail project is also under process in Jaipur.
There are various places to shop around as well. These include the Johri Bazaar, Baapu Bazaar, Chaandpol Bazaar, Kishanpol Bazaar and Tripolia Bazaar.
Quick Facts about Jaipur:
Area: 11117.8 sq.km
Altitude: 1417 meters above sea level
No. of Villages: 2131
Total Population: (2013) 32,60,516
Density (Per Sq. km): 598
Sex Ratio (females per 1,000 males): 909
Literacy Rate (%) Persons: 976.44
Literacy Rate (%) Males: 87.24
Literacy Rate (%) Females: 64.63
Per Capita Income: 27,421(at constant prices)
Language: Rajasthani, Hindi, Punjabi, English
Religion: Hindu, Sikh, Muslim, Buddhist and Jain
STD Code: 0141
Postal Code: 302001
Temperature: Min. 0.5oC and Max. 45oC
Annual Rainfall: 64 cm/yearly avarage
Time Zone: IST (UTC+5:30)